I wanted to clarify my reason for writing about the beautiful black skirt I bought at H & M in the light of their current troubles over the blatantly racist sweatshirt that’s been recalled by their company. I’m an African-American fashion/feature writer, in a field that doesn’t have a lot of representation from my culture, so I’ve faced my share of racism. Instead of refusing to wear or buy their clothing I want to show them, and others in the industry, the real face of their customers to further educate them about who we are and what we really represent and look like. For me, the only way to confront racism is head-on with unflinching assertiveness. If they learn from this and become a better, more inclusive company, the effort was worth it.
The Ultimate Separate: The Black Skirt
In 1979, when my mother bought a gorgeous black skirt suit by BIS for my high school graduation from Westchester High School from Bullock’s Wilshire black skirts were easily accessible.
But when I wanted to buy the retro boho multi-tiered black skirt from H & M, a couple of years ago, that was featured in a Vogue editorial ad it was a trial. Why?
It couldn’t have been the price, since my BIS suit was $300 and this skirt $19.99. It couldn’t have been the style, since both have classic silhouettes.
Recently, when I bought a stunning green, brown and white vintage 1970s maxi dress from etsy.com for $40, from a dealer in Poland, instead of at my local Goodwill Thrift Store I realized what it was.
Despite the plethora of fashion bloggers, journalists, stores and websites promoting excellent designs and killer buys, the consumer isn’t receiving the message. There seems to be a big disconnect. The clothes that need to be worn as representatives of intelligence and good taste languish un-bought while inexpensive, passe trends are displayed briefly, then discarded on random bus benches and trash cluttered streets.
Anyone who’s paying attention knows by now that needless sartorial waste is a no-no the fashion industry’s trying to correct. Of course we have other problems to deal with besides finding the perfect black skirt, such as the closing of over 130 LAUSD school libraries, homelessness, and the sad reality that L.A. is now the second worst dressed city in the country, and 44th in education. But if a woman does make the decision to purchase one it can solve her immediate wardrobe problems by becoming a reliable staple item that will never let her down. Paired with a crisp white shirt it can take her to work and dinner with a change of shoes and layered over leggings it can easily be worn for dance class.
Looking Back to the 1940s
Edna Woolman Chase (1914-1951) editor of American Vogue in 1942 really understood the magic of a black skirt. “They are as great a standby as a black sweater,” she wrote in the article Skirt Story. Meant to purchased as an “investment piece” it served the same purpose then as it does today by being versatile and long lasting. Compared to trendier fare, ubiquitously worn by everyone who has a pulse, it has the flexibility of hamburger without undue flash.
Blessedly, all-black is no longer as pervasively popular as it once was, making room for the black skirt to make a come back as part of an ensemble that can include a floral print blouse, funky statement tee and vintage embroidered cardigan sweater for work 9-5. After 5, that same blouse and cardigan can be accented with a multi-strand necklace for a fancy dinner date or concert.
For retailers, who mistakenly thought “corporate dress or all-black” would help their sales staff increase their sales and customer service skills with a uniform instead of individual style, the black skirt would help them teach their female employees how to coordinate their work attire appropriately, easily and inexpensively. Since a major component of fashion retail is based on helping consumers buy items for their wardrobe the sales staff that reflects an attractive appearance, from their own imagination, is more qualified to improve a company’s image than a conformist who wears a uniform.
A Wardrobe of Black Skirts
In between my Undergrad years, at CSULA, to my Grad years, at Academy of Art University online, I’ve collected 15 black skirts that have steadfastly helped me look pulled together whenever I wear them. For my day job as a Special Education Instructional Assistant for LAUSD at Leo Politi Elementary School in Koreatown, I’ve regularly worn the long black skirt I bought at Ross Dress For Less with either a cool tee from snorgtees.com or a lightweight pullover sweater from Forever 21, my beige trench coat from amazon.com and a pair of sneakers. Comfortable as a pair of jeans, it’s perfect for my long walks to and from the bus stop, before and after work, and a long six hour shift in the classroom.
I’m just as well prepared for my off-duty social life, with a vintage velour bubble skirt I bought at my favorite Goodwill Thrift Store, and a retro self-belt taffeta one I bought at Ross Dress For Less. Combined with a lovely vintage top and pearls they’re an evening stand out.
The Perfect Black Skirt for Today
“There are few women who can wear every type of skirt,” wrote Christian Dior in The Little Dictionary of Fashion. Personally, I’ve found that to be true of every garment, and despite my thin frame, I still have to work hard to find the right clothes for my budget, lifestyle and body.
Caught between my obligation to always “dress and represent”, as a requirement for AAU, and a need to be comfortable at LPES I wanted to find another black skirt to fit both worlds. My hunt officially started after I’d bought a pair of black sneakers from H & M online. They were too big so I had to exchange them at their store in the Westfield Century City mall. I thought while I was up there, I’d buy the black boho multi-tiered skirt I saw in the Vogue ad.
Everything was going great-they had a pair of black sneakers in my size and the blue and white/floral shirt I’d had my eye on was on the Sale rack. Then when I showed the cashier the ad and asked about the skirt things got shaky.
“I’m not sure we have any left,” she said. “If we do it’s a Petite.”
“May I see it please? I’d like to try it on anyway,” I said.
She asked another clerk, who was working on the floor to see if they had any more, and if they did, to bring it to me. When he found it, he carried it to me, holding it with the delicacy of an Egyptian artifact. He then repeated what the cashier said, “It’s the last one and it’s a Petite.”
“Are you planning on stocking any more soon?, I asked. “No,” he said. “We’re lucky we have this one, because as soon as it was featured in the magazine ad it shot off the racks. Editorial items always sell out quickly.”
“Okay, I understand that, but why was this particular skirt so popular?,” I asked.
“It looks good on almost every body type and it’s versatile enough to be worn with a tucked in or loose fitting top,” he answered.
“Well, I usually wear a Medium, but you never know with sizing, so I’ll try it on and see if it fits,” I said, taking the skirt from him, and heading for the fitting room.
Doubtful, and holding my breath in anticipation, I slipped it on then exhaled with relief when it fit perfectly.
It’s been more than a year since I bought this skirt, and although I haven’t worn it yet, I know its timeless silhouette makes it a worthwhile addition to my collection.
Fashion Coordination Tips for Black Skirts (2019):
- Work: Power Separates The Easy Way (Pair a mid-calf A-line black skirt with a white button-down shirt, striped short-sleeved Breton shirt, or plain crewneck pullover sweater, then top with a mini trench coat and accessorize with a structured bag, colorful scarf, shades, and ballet flats or sneakers.)
- Casual: Fun, Fun, Fun Days (Pair a long straight black skirt with a t-shirt then top with a cotton, army or denim jacket and accessorize with sneakers or sandals, shades, a baseball cap or bucket hat.
- Formal Evening: Swanky Times (Pair a mid-length retro full black skirt with a sequined shirt and decorative cardigan or bolero jacket and accessorize with black decorative pantyhose, pointy-toed flats, a turban and clutch bag.
- Rei Kawakubo/Comme des Garcons, Japanese Designer. Sweater and skirt, 1984.(Berg Fashion Library)
- Bernhard Willhelm. Black with multicolored diamond design sweater, headpiece and skirt, 2002-2003. (Berg Fashion Library)
- Junya Watanabe for Comme des Garcons, Japanese Designer. Black ensemble. “Linen blend jacket in the style of a man’s 19th-century tailcoat; wool skirt resembling a deconstructed trenchcoat.” Spring/Summer, 2016.
- Woolman Chase, Edna. Fashion: Skirt Story. Vogue; New York, Vol. 99, Iss. 11 (Jun 1, 1942).
- Dior, Christian. The Little Dictionary Of Fashion, Abrams, 2007.
The moment I heard Nipsey Hussle had been murdered my mind raced in a thousand directions and my heart sank. Like him, I’ve also supported my ‘hood for years- he as a rapper, me as a professional fashion/feature writer- and like him I’ve never really left it no matter where else I’ve traveled or how much education I’ve obtained. Love it or hate it, it’s home. Recently I even experienced my own symbolic demise when my efforts to help those in need was violently thrown back in my face with the new form of haterism currently en vogue in my fair city.
While Nipsey didn’t come back from his encounter with his ungrateful frenemy, I emerged physically unharmed but emotionally shaken and disgusted. Now, in the second phase of this eye-opening episode, my anger is still there but it’s slowly being replaced with a new mission to carry on Nipsey’s legacy despite the haters.
This epiphany came to me as I walked to the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw PlazaVic from a nearby doctor’s appointment, and saw the large photo of Nipsey emblazoned on the wall of the mall with the words Grammy Nominee Nipsey Hussle Victory Lap underneath. As I went through the entrance. I’d come through many times before, I felt a renewed connection that let me know this wasn’t going to be an ordinary visit-I was going to be that legacy that day-representing and supporting my ‘hood in style.
Before I even left home, that morning, I was inspired by transitions. To match my mood I decided on a boho/athleisure look and chose my black, cream and burgundy varsity jacket from Forever 21, my gray and pink striped sweatshirt from T.J. Maxx and my multicolored Knox Rose maxi boho skirt from Target. Do you know what the best thing about that outfit was? Everything was bought one bus ride away from my home and in my neighborhood. Even though the baseball cap I wore, to accessorize it with, came from H & M and my sneakers and shades from Ross Dress For Less the overall flavor of the look was South Central.
While I was attending CSULA, and earning my BA in Fashion Merchandising, my sartorial beat was Inglewood, California where my favorite thrift shop, Daniel Freeman Thrift Auxillary, was. Now that I’m earning an MA in Fashion Journalism at the Academy of Art University online, my beat includes Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza. Full of memories, from visits with my mother and grandmother while growing up, whenever I have a school project now, it’s one of the first places I check out.
On the day I visited, two assignments loomed over me, an accessory styling one for my FSH 629 (Fashion Styling) class and an advertising campaign one for my FSH 630 (Fashion Marketing Strategy) class. As I ate my fish lunch in the food court and read my assigned reading in my Promotion in the Merchandising Environment textbook, I got to the end of the How to Build a Brand section where it had information about “linked advertising” and had a great idea. I was sitting right across from Victoria’s Secret and a lightbulb went off in my head. “Why not link with Victoria’s Secret for my ad campaign project?” I said to myself. I’m not sure if it was the silent promise I’d made to keep on striving, despite the shock of Nipsey’s death or my own renewed drive, but after getting the information I needed from the manager of Victoria’s Secret I scored some cool Sale geat and styling props from Forever 21 and Albertson’s. Best of all, I even found the perfect necklace, for my styling assignment, at Macy’s.
One sad side note almost marred my day, but considering the occasion, it was apropo. Selena Quintanilla the Mexican singer, who was so senselessly gunned down in the same manner as Nipsey, currently has a posthumous collaboration with Forever 21. Inspired by her sexy Latina style-tight jeans and midriff tops-it consists of pre-distressed skinny jeans, a “graphic tee,” “halter top,” “self-tie crop top,” “black and red cropped hoodie,” “print shorts” and other retro ’80s pieces. It’s clearly aimed at the Hispanic market. When I asked the clerk, who rang me up at the store, who was buying it, at first she said, “Everybody is. It’s flying out the door.” When I then asked her if mostly Hispanics were buying it, because it represented their aesthetic, she clammed up and looked confused.
I hope she didn’t think I was trying to insult her, or her culture, because that wasn’t why I wanted to know who was buying the Selena collab, I was sincerely interested. Personally, although my aesthetic is more eclectic, I do experiment a lot and could see buying the bike shorts and the hoodie. I’d keep them on trend, of course, with a tailored jacket and a pair of wide-legged pants but the sentiment would be the same.
Exhausted, but fulfilled, at the end of my visit I headed home feeling better that Nipsey’s hope for his people and community weren’t gone after all, and were definitely still alive at the mall.
If a person ever needed “Dr. Seuss Read across America” week this year it was me. Overwhelmed, physically and emotionally from all of the challenges in my life right now, I still embraced the occasion and let the magic of it guide my way. First I did two things, I studied the pink and black flyer provided by my school site, then I coordinated my outfits accordingly. Since it’s a literary event, I also wanted to share my love for Dr. Seuss by donating a brand new book to the class I helped in every day.Fa
Monday: Favorite Story Book Character, Mr. Brown Can Moo, Can You?
My first “Read across America” week was at another school,where I picked up a month-long assignment, as a substitute in the resource office.Comparing that experience,to my current one, is like comparing Thing One and Thing Two to Cindy Lou Who. There we reclaimed our innocence but here we just tried to heal and stabilize. Unfortunately the outside world had momentarily forgotten the positive message of the event.
Tuesday: Fox In Socks
Wednesday: Thing One And Thing Two (Dress Like a Twin)
On the first day of “Dr. Seuss Read Across America” week, at my other location, when the resource teacher laid out her collection of lovingly tattered volumes on the main table in a display, she said, “Whenever we do guided reading I want to encourage each student to either pick one, to read alone, or with one of us. If they don’t feel comfortable doing that we can read aloud to them independently or within a small group.”
Thursday: Cat in the Hat Day (Wear your favorite hat)
Friday: Drop Everything And Read (Wear Red)
Carrying On a Dr. Seuss Tradition:
This year I wanted to continue this charming tradition,with my current job site,by bringing in five of my own Dr. Seuss books to share. My plan was to either read the stories to the students,each afternoon,or ask the teacher or another instructional assistant to do it. Through scaffolding I hoped to guide them into a wondrous fantasy world I still love escaping to. Excited by the newness of the Books, the students sat still in front of the other staff and I on their classroom carpet and via a sea of exciting words and visuals traveled on one of their first reading adventures.
With comments like,”that Fox is mean” , about the main character in “Fox In Socks”, it seems they really grasp the meaning of a Dr. Seuss book-to make you think.
The color red has always meant so many things to me, as a native Los Angeleno.During the 1980s, when gang strife between the Crips and the Bloods, was at its highest it wasn’t safe for a civilian to sport it on any part of their body. Then in the 1990s and most of the 2000s it was overwhelmingly utilized for Valentine’s Day promos at retail stores around the city. Now that I work as a Special Ed Instructional Assistant for LAUSD and the teachers are out on strike, the teacher I work with asked me to wear red every time I come to school to show support. Initially I assumed it would be easy to put together outfits with red as the theme, but the request has been as challenging as my workdays during the strike. To address it I created a capsule of sweaters, long-sleeved print shirts and jeans, khakis and others sturdy pants. Tough and vibrant the capsule held up surprisingly well despite the onslaught of rain I had the pleasure of slogging through during the week. Although my obstacle is not as arduous as the teachers fighting for better education it does give me a chance to step into their shoes as I help hold down the fort in their absence.
"Black and white always looks modern, whatever that means."--Karl Lagerfeld
The color combination of black and white has always had special meaning for me. Racially its existence has defined most of my life as an African-American female, educated then employed first in a predominately Caucasian environment then a resegregated Hispanic one. Yet even among my own race the duality of my interests, and confusion about my lack of conformity, has forced me to carve out my own niche.
On one hand, I love soul food, am a great dancer, and a sharp dresser, but on the other hand, I’m equally passionate about books, writing, art, and antiques. Within this ridiculous quagmire, a sartorial rage bubbles beneath the surface whenever I’m confronted with racial issues causing frustration and confusion. To bring perspective and mental order back into my life I reach for the simple clarifying palette of black and white.
Classic dark shades and white and black tote bag from H&M
For the Spring/Summer 2018 season, the combo reigned again and even showed up online on Forever 21‘s website. Faux Mod styles looked graphically delightful and caused me to add the following to my wishlist for fall: 1) a black and white Gingham Cabby Hat ($12.90), (2) a Houndstooth Boxy Crop Top ($12.90), (3) a Striped Ribbed Mock Neck Tee ($10.90) and (4) a pair of Gingham Cropped Pants ($19.90). Fresh, young, but also versatile, they reminded me of Swinging London and ’80s New Wave.
“Black and white clothing is an age-old signal of servitude and humility,” wrote Jess Cartner-Morley in How to dress black and white (The Guardian, Fri. 19 April 2013). Traditionally worn by waiters, waitresses, priests, and nuns, it was my choice too as a salesperson during my brief stint with The Limited at the Century City Plaza in the 1980s.
Openly racist, I was told the first day, by the manager not to be offended if the White customers didn’t want me to touch their clothing because I’m Black. “Oh I understand,” I told her with a smile, letting her think I’d let it go. Inwardly seething, every time I helped a customer who was clearly prejudiced, I waited until she paid for her selection at the counter and touched everything. I even held them up to her saying, “You have great taste. This really suits you.”
Regardless, my black and white wardrobe then was far from subservient, and with a little updating, could easily be worn today. It consisted of five pieces: a straight white mini skirt, a straight black mini skirt, a white t-shirt, a pair of black cotton pants and a black shirt dress. Now, besides keeping the white tee the same, I’d replace the minis with an A-line tiered skirt and the straight pants with palazzos.
In 2015, black and white inspired designers again to go bold with “Op Art Stripes,” “Chessboards” and “not for the shy mixed prints.” Since black is defined as “evil” and white as “the color of maximum lightness” in dictionaries like Merriam Webster’s Pocket Dictionary it’s comforting to also know the Taoist Yin/Yang design is the culmination of these opposing elements.
Pearls on a hanger
Flipping the Trope
An outdated trope that’s equated black with negativity and white with positivity can easily be flipped when they’re used to symbolize the opposite. Earlier this year, a freshman student at Harbor Teacher Preparation Academy (LAUSD) chose to wear full Ku Klux Klan regalia to school for his final History project on racism. The white color, of the offensive clothing, subverted it from a shade of “purity, innocence, and brightness” into one of “confusion, emptiness, and isolation.” Like the character Don Fanucci in The Godfather, whose white suit represented pure evil, this student’s display also signified provocation.
When photographer Peter Lindbergh and fashion editor Grace Coddington, shot the layout Light Brigade for the March 2015 American Vogue the choice to use an all-Black cast of models in white garments, ala Picnic At Hanging Rock, was brilliantly inclusive. Back in 1975, when the film was directed by Peter Weir, and in 1900 when the actual crime occurred, you’d rarely see Blacks portrayed with such beauty in a magazine or film. By subverting the definitions of black and white, Lindbergh, Coddington and the models, Malaika Firth, Leila Nda, Imaan Hammam, Tami Williams, and Kai Newman, rewrote the trope for a new generation.
Victoria Moore in vintage black and white wool top
Black has it all,” said Coco Chanel. “White too. Their beauty is absolute. It is the perfect harmony.”
Is Color Important?“
“Research on the psychology of color consistently demonstrates that colors evoke emotional, behavioral and physical responses,” writes Carole Kanchier in What the Colour You’re Wearing Says About You (07/13/2012, Huffington Post). On a Sunday, during the last week of my Mad About Musicals online class, I wanted to do it up a big and take a personal field trip to the Cinemark Promenade Theater at Howard Hughes Parkway to see West Side Story. Inspired by the racial theme of the movie, and my own conflicted thoughts about the Klan sporting student at Harbor Teacher Prep, I chose a black and white outfit that aptly expressed my inner turmoil.
Black and white outfit
Starting with the black and white houndstooth coat I’d bought at Forever 21 for the Shen-Yun dance concert I’d seen this Spring, I then added a black and white checked Who What Wear shirt I’d just bought at Target, a pair of wide-legged pants from T.J. Maxx, a rhinestone necklace from Fallas and a red, black and white Hello Kitty bag from Pink Memories. More distinctive, and clear-cut than my Shen-Yun outfit-a long black and white swirl print dress from Ross, black leggings, black and silver print Ked’s and a black and white African necklace-it nonetheless reflected my mood.
Betsey Johnson unicorn print purse
Classing It Up for Fall 2018 on a Budget
After doing preliminary research, in various top fashion magazines and online, I went to my local mall and shopped for Fall. First I went to T.J. Maxx and bought a pair of black and white glen plaid stretch pants, with a yellow stripe detail, for $14.99, and a gray and white striped button-down shirt for $10.00, then I went to Forever 21 and bought a black and white houndstooth scarf for $5.90, a five-pack set of black and white socks, and a pink crystal ring for color.
While this version of black and white is more sophisticated and retro than my previous incarnations, it’s still classic enough to be coordinated with my other pieces, and earn a place in my wardrobe and growing collection.
“Pearls were the perfect accessory for the little black dress,” wrote Debbie Sessions in 1950s Pearl Jewelry.
Fun Ways to Wear Black and White
- White button-down shirt + black pants + black ballet flats + black purse.
- Black dress + black and white cardigan + black tights + white and beige pointy-toed flats + white vintage Chanel purse.
- Black and white print blazer or coat + white top + white capris.
- White lacy dress + black leggings + black Ked’s + straw hat.
- Black and white houndstooth coat + black floral dress + ankle boots.
“Stylist’s Tip: Punctuate a graphic look with bold red extras.”–Harper’s Bazaar “Check Please”
- Forever 21 (Forever 21)
- Morley, Jess-Cartner. How to dress in black and white, Fri. 19 April 2013, How to dress in black and white
- Kanchier, Carole. What the Colour You’re Wearing Says About You, updated 07/31/2012, What the Colour You’re Wearing Says About You
- Lindbergh, Peter and Coddington, Grace. Light Brigade, American Vogue, March 2015.
There are so many brands and styles of jeans on the market you could spend a whole year trying them on. Despite my fondness for the Mossimo jeans I bought this Spring at Target, the white skinny jeans from Ross, and the Blue Desire Midrise with the distressed hems from T.J. Maxx, my all time favorite type are pre-owned and vintage. Soft, worn in and characteristically inexpensive their main attribute is timelessness.
Paired with a feminine Ralph Lauren blouse they’re “shabby but chic” or with a pristine white tee and menswear blazer, they’re ’80s street. In homage to one of my prized separates, today’s post is all about how to coordinate them five different ways.
Mixing It Up with Florals and Stripes
Painter’s jeans are considered serious work pants when worn with a flannel shirt and steel-toed boots, but they can also be playful when worn with a blue floral jacket and a navy-blue and white Breton (sailor top). Perfect for a quick jaunt to your neighborhood Farmer’s Market or local art gallery, museum or used bookstore they’re tidy and chic.
The Museum of African-American Art: Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza (Macy’s 3rd Floor, 4005 Crenshaw Blvd., Thursday-Sunday:12:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.,maaala.org). Please call about exhibits and special events.
The Whole 9 Gallery: 3830 Main Street, Culver City, CA. 90232, 310-836-4600. Please call for more information about hours, exhibits and special events. thewhole9gallery.com.
Cool Errand Gear
Distressed and faded Levi’s can still be stylish and versatile when mixed with a vintage white cardigan, statement belt, and shades. The patina and wear of both items also give them a modern elegance. Slip this outfit on when running out to McDonald’s for a quick lunch, bank for much-needed funds or the cleaners with your suit for a job fair. Comfortable enough to be laid-back, but not so sloppy you’ll have to hide behind a nearby bush if you run into an old boyfriend, the structured lines of the jeans and sweater prevent it from being slovenly.
Baggy Hip-Hop Swag
Loose, baggy jeans add an extra saucy edge when coordinated with an oversized white Ralph Lauren shirt, vintage Levi’s jacket, and suede sandals. Then accessorized with a vintage red, white and black print vintage 1940’s doo-rag and oversized shades, it exudes a feminine allure to an ensemble comfy enough for a morning matinee at the Cinemark, artsy afternoon at LACMA (Los Angeles County Museum of Art) or craft and school supply haul at the Dollar Tree, JoAnne’s or Michael’s.
Distressed But Louche
If you buy a naturally worn and paint splattered pair of jeans from Timeless Treasures or another local thrift store, you can always dress them up with a knock-off Chanel-esque blazer to give them that high-low appeal that’ll take you to school and studying at the library afterwards, or dress them down with a grey retro Aerosmith tee from Ross, for a personal field trip to a Saturday yard sale. Brimming with lively backstories, if you’re lucky enough to find ones this authentic and beloved, they may soon accompany you on your own adventures, and collect tales picked up along the way, for the next owner to ponder over.
Sometimes it’s not just nice to comingle prints and patterns, but layers too. A cropped cardigan can be very smart when placed over a striped blue and white blouse then accented with a navy-blue and white polka-dotted scarf tie and cuffed vintage Levi’s. If you work somewhere semi-casual, arduous, yet with exposure to the public in a school or library this combo is just right for long shifts and hard physical tasks that would render nicer duds torn and tattered in minutes.
As you can see, the ways to coordinate vintage jeans are as varied as the occasions they can be worn too. With a little ingenuity and self-analysis, you can easily include them in your wardrobe and use them to add uniqueness and classical styling any time you need to.
The True Story of Jeans
1) “What textile are they made from?”
They are made out of a material called “denim”. Its name comes from the French term “Serge de Nimes” where they originated in Nimes, France.
2) “How is denim created?”
Denim is created from the weft of the “cotton twill” which goes beneath the warp “threads” before they’re woven together. To get the distinctive blue and white shade of traditional jeans, the warp is “dyed indigo” while the weft is left white.
3) “When were jeans first invented and by whom?”
Jeans were first invented in 1873, by Jacob W. Davis a Reno, Nevada-based tailor and Bavarian native, “businessman/entrepreneur” Levi Strauss.
4) “Which group first wore “blue jeans” and why?”
Cowboys and miners were the first groups to wear “blue jeans. They wore them because they were sturdy and held up well over time.
5) “How did they become so popular with the mainstream?”
James Dean in the film Rebel Without a Cause (1955) and Giant (1956) made them popular and okay for anti-establishment males to adopt them as an alternative garment that signified youthful rebellion and allegiance to a sub-culture separate from their 9-5 fathers. Marilyn Monroe in the 1961 film The Misfits did the same for females.
- historyofjeans.com, History of Jeans and Denim
- www.racked.com/2015/2/27/8116465/the-complete-history-of-blue-jeans-from-miners-to-marilyn-monroe, Wright, Jennifer. The Complete History of Blue Jeans, From Miners to Marilyn Monroe
Places to Buy Vintage Jeans in Los Angeles, CA.
- Goodwill Southern California Store and Donation Center, Culver Junction, 3340, 8950 Venice Blvd., L.A., CA. 90034, 310-845-9327. Hours: Sunday (10 a.m. to 8 p.m.), Monday through Saturday (9 a.m. to 9 p.m.), www.goodwillsocal.org. Online store (www.shopgoodwill.org), Ann Taylor Loft, Tommy Hilfiger, Lucky Brand, etc., (Under $50).
- Etsy.com, Levi’s vintage jeans (Various prices, under $100), www.etsy.com
- Timeless Treasures Thrift Shop, 9441 Culver Blvd., Culver City, CA. 90232, 310-559-8338. Hours: Tuesday, 11 a.m.-3 p.m., Friday, 11 a.m.-3 p.m., and Saturday, 11 a.m.-3 p.m.
- Out of the Closet Thrift Store, 8224 Santa Monica Blvd., West Hollywood, CA., 90046, 323-848-9760. Hours: Monday-Saturday, 10 a.m.-7 p.m.
If I were to judge a trend that’s traveled the chic spectrum, by the women I see wearing a top and leggings on my job in Koreatown, I’d say it’s more a matter of comfort than innovation.
You could even look at it as a class division, where those who’re on the lower end of the economic scale view it as an inexpensive way to dress while those on the upper end view it as pricey athleisure. Unfortunately, nothing shows the economic separation more than its interpretation.
Disney By Junk Food Collab with Target
Target, that great mecca of budgetary gear, has updated the tunic dress legging style again, with another collab that will probably go down in retail history, especially for shoppers who remember their collaborations with Lilly Pulitzer and Marimekko. This time it was with Disney, and what makes this pairing so fun is the collection has a slightly retro 1960s-1970s vibe that can be updated for 2018. In other words, what would’ve worked as a mini back in 1965, can work equally well today with a pair of leggings.
Once coordinated with either solids or prints, the ensemble can then be topped with a structured blazer, soft sweater or denim jacket and worn either to work (on Casual Day), or out and about on dates, errands, and trips, without being too casual. In fashion, one of the most popular and iconic prints is stripes, which you’ll see worn by actress Jean Seberg in the 1960 Jean-Luc Goddard French New Wave film Breathless.
When I went to Target and shopped at their Disney x Junk Food collab in the Trend Spot section the breezy mod vibe of the collection reminded me of her. Then when I saw the striped, sleeveless hooded tunic dress I thought about all the years I’d worn a navy-blue and white sailor Breton with jeans, khaki’s, black men’s trousers and shorts. Cool and youthful, with a Mickey Mouse insignia, I figured I couldn’t go wrong for $26.
Instinctively knowing I could wear the tunic dress with my solid colored black, white and navy-blue leggings when I experimented with my black floral, black-and-white polka-dotted and multicolored ones its true charm came out. With just a little courage, research about how to wear today’s trends and time I added new life to an old standby.
How to Mix and Match Leggings with a Tunic Dress
- Look for prints and colors, in the tunic dress, that will enhance the leggings you want to match (i.e., a blue floral Marimekko x Target tunic dress with navy-blue or white leggings).
- Choose either flat soled sneakers, like Keds, Vans or Converse to maintain the comfortable ease of the overall look.
- Whether you choose a blazer, lightweight trench coat, denim jacket or sweater make sure the color compliments both the tunic dress and the leggings to pull it all together.
- To add that extra spice, a colorful bandanna or silky neckerchief, floppy hat, beret or baseball cap will do it effectively.